Accumulator safety valves are an integral part of any hydraulic system. They are used in braking systems, clutch mechanisms, and power steering. They are also common in industry, including hydraulic lifts and jacks, factory production lines, airplanes, and more. Accumulator safety valves keep these systems safe, while also providing maximum output.
Most accumulators contain a bladder that separates liquid from gas. This bladder has a safety valve that prevents it from extruding into the hydraulic system. The original design was a bottom-repair style, but modern accumulators feature top-replacement bladders.
Before removing the accumulator, it's important to make sure the pump is off. This will relieve pressure from the circuit and discharge nitrogen gas. You'll want to make sure there are no people or objects nearby as the gas can be very strong. Also, you'll want to inspect each piece of the accumulator before reassembling it.
Accumulator safety valves are used for hydraulic systems where thermal expansion could lead to excessive pressure. For example, a laminating press has a holding cycle of one to five minutes. In this case, if the pump is not pressure-compensated, it would overheat and waste a large amount of energy. By contrast, a pressure-compensated pump would waste less energy, but still overheat in a short time.
If the valve is too large, it may not achieve its fully-open state. As the pressure rises, the valve will shut due to its inability to overcome the back-pressure and equilibrium forces. The valve then closes once again. This cycle, called chattering, is not considered safe.